Profile updated as of 16th March. 2020
AMD Radeon RX 590
I made a new GPU profile, yay! This time it is for my Sapphire Radeon RX 590 Nitro Special Edition. The lovely Blue one. But, uh, I am not taking the cooler off this card as that would void my warranty and I absolutely am not risking that at all in any capacity. Luckily TechPowerUp have a great review of this card and the image here is from that board analysis.
Silicon Die shot Image credit to Fritzchen Fritz, you can see his awesome work here.
Please click on the images to open the gallery to see full sized versions and image credits.
(Above) The silicon die of Polaris 30 on a Sapphire Nitro RX 590 Special Edition graphics card. It is surrounded by its 8 GDDR5 SDRAM chips, each 1024 MB in size and linked via 32-bit interface to the GPU. (click image for link to TPU's review for this card).
(Above) Actual silicon die-shot of the Polaris 10 GPU, Polaris 20 and 30 will be identical to the naked eye. Image Credit: Fritzchen Fritz (click image for link).
(Above) The architectural block-diagram for Polaris10/20/30.
Graphics Card Information
Graphics Card: AMD Radeon RX 590
Graphics Card Manufacturer: Advanced Micro Devices
Graphics Card Release Date: November 15, 2018
Graphics Card MSRP: $279 USD
Graphics Processor Codename: Polaris 30 XT
Graphics Processor Manufacturer: Advanced Micro Devices
Graphics Processor Implementation: Full Chip
Graphics Interface: PCI-E 16x Gen3
Architecture: Graphics Core Next 4th Generation (GCN4)
Lithography Process: Global Foundries 12nmLP FinFET
Approximate die size: 232mm²
SashleyCat's GPU die Size Rating: small
Approximate Transistor Count: 5,700 Million
Approximate Transistor Density: 24.5 Million / Square Milimetre
Double-speed FP16 Shading: No (1:1 FP32)
Asynchronous Compute Capability: Full
DirectX Hardware Support: DX12.0 (FL 12_0)
Dedicated DXR Acelleration on chip: No
Variable-rate Shading: No
Adv. Geometry shading: No
Adv. Geometry shading (Programmable/DX12 Mesh Shaders): No
AI/ML Acceleration: No
Advanced Memory Management: No
Integer and Float Shader Co-execution: No
Tile-based Renderer: No
GPU Computing Resources
GPU Substructures: 4 Shader Engines
Graphics Cores: 36 Compute Units
Graphics Cores per Substructure: 9
Total Stream Processors (ALU/Shaders): 2304
Stream Processors per Graphics Core: 64
Graphics Core SIMD Structure: 4 x 16
Total Special Execution Units: 36 Scalar Units, 36 Branch Units, 576 Load/Store Units
Special Execution Units per Graphics Core: 1 Scalar, 1 Branch, 16 Load/Store Units
Total Texturing Units: 144
Texturing Units per Graphics Core: 4
Pixel Pipelines (ROPs): 32 (8 x Render Backend with 4 Pixels per clock)
Level 2 shared on-chip cache: 2048 KB
Geometry/Tessellation Processors: 4
Raster Engines: 4
GPU Memory Subsystem
Graphics Memory Type: GDDR5
Graphics Memory Standard Capacity: 8192 MB
Graphics Memory Composition: 8 x 1024 MB GDDR5 SDRAM Chips
Graphics Memory Access Granularity: 32-bit (4 bytes)
Graphics Memory Standard Clock Speed / Data Rate: 2000 MHz / 8000 MHz
Graphics Memory Full Interface Width: 256-bit (32 bytes per clock)
Graphics Memory Peak Memory Bandwidth: 256 GB/s
GPU Frequency and Peak performance
Graphics Engine Clock: 1545 MHz
GPU Computing Power FP16: 7,119,360 Million operations per second with FMA
GPU Computing Power FP32: 7,119,360 Million operations per second with FMA
GPU Computing Power FP64: 444,960 Million operations per second with FMA
GPU Texturing Rate INT8: 222,480 Million texels per second
GPU Texturing Rate FP16: 111,240Million texels per second
GPU Pixel Rate: 49,440 Million pixels per second
GPU Primitive Rate: 6,180 Million triangles per second
GPU Thermal and Power
Standard Cooling Solution: Custom designs with multiple fans and large heatsinks (no shipping reference design exists to my knowledge)
Typical Board Power: 180-225 W *
Maximum Board Power: varies by design
Maximum Allowed Junction Temperature (TJ Max): 95*C *
Graphics Card description
The RX 590 launched in late 2018 as a refresh to AMD's mid-range 500 series lineup. The card is based on the same Graphics Core Next 4th Generation "Polaris" silicon as used in the RX 580 and RX 480 before that, but is ported to GlobalFoundries' newer 12nmLP process to allow for higher clock speed at the same voltage or lower power at the same clock speed. AMD chose to put all the process gains into increasing the GPU core clock signficantly, which now runs at over 1.5 GHz, at the expense of power efficiency. The memory subsystem remains unchanged with 8GB standard of GDDR5 operating at 8 Gbps. The card launched for $279 USD, which was more expensive than the card it was aimed at competing with. However, it was faster, but not really great value. As of the time of writing RX 590 cards have dropped to around $199-219 and this card competes directly with the GeForce GTX 1660.
Graphics Card approximate 3D Performance
Sashleycat gaming performance rating (2020): Great for 1080p High settings 60 FPS
Radeon RX 590 is a low-mid range graphics card that offers gaming performance very similar to the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1660 (non-Ti). It is about 10% faster than the GTX 1060 6GB and RX 580, and can be over 20% faster than the first graphics card based on this silicon: the RX 480 (entirely due to custom designs not throttling, and signficiantly increased clock speeds due to manufacturing process differences). Performance is well suited for 1920x1080 monitors and 60 Frames Per Second with near max graphics settings. Some more demanding games will require reduced settings or lower average Frame rate.
Typical Board Power: AMD does not officially state a TBP for RX 590 cards on their website. However, the rough board power range for most 590 cards is in the 180-225 W range. Please note that in some gaming situations the card will draw less than this, this is just the specified amount of power the BIOS is programmed to allow without any overclocking.
Maximum GPU Temperature: There is no official maximum safe temperature listed for RX 590 that I can find but at stock operation the GPU would be safe to around 95*C going by the silicon used in my understanding. Please note GPU safe temperature is reduced as the voltage climbs out of the normal operating range.
This bit is for my personal opinion on this Graphics card / Graphics processor
Sashleycat's Awesomeness Rating: Pretty Good